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Leadership Strategies


This section is designed to assist with building community online with adult learners participating in professional development training.

Why Leadership Strategies?

They help to make online training courses 'Flow' as well as engaging and fun (Csikszentmihalyi, 2014).

He describes eight characteristics of Flow as:

  1. Complete concentration on the task;

  2. Clarity of goals and reward in mind and immediate feedback;

  3. Transformation of time (speeding up/slowing down);

  4. The experience is intrinsically rewarding;

  5. Effortlessness and ease;

  6. There is a balance between challenge and skills;

  7. Actions and awareness are merged, losing self-conscious rumination;

  8. There is a feeling of control over the task.

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Community of Inquiry (CoI) Framework

Learning organizations can apply the organizational framework, such as the CoI, to professional development opportunities.


The CoI supports participants' discourse, emphasizes appropriate program content, and sets the climate for interaction through the following:

  • Teacher Presence

  • Cognitive Presence

  • Social Presence

Watch the short video "Community of Inquiry" video (4:01 min) by Jered (2014) to the right - he explains the three presences very well.

Source: Garrison, D. R. (2017). E-learning in the 21st century: A community of inquiry framework for research and practice. Taylor & Francis. 

Kolb's Experiential Learning Cycle

Reflective practice is a retrospective activity to understand better what happens during the learning process. It is a way for learning organizations to design training appropriate for the target audience and encourage predictive learning. There are several models of reflective practice that facilitators can use to increase engagement and connection.

Check out these two videos:

  1. This is Experiential Learning

  2. The Cycle of Learning From Experience

Source: Kolb, Alice. "This is Experiential Learning". Experience Based Learning Systems video, 2:59. April 15, 2020.

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